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Let’s raise our Deaf awareness: Explorations of Deaf people-related context for the design and development of SignSupport & HKTS

Task: There are 3 main perspectives you will need to get yourself acquainted to about Deaf people. Under each main perspective, there are 2 sub-topics that each group has to explore and share their gained understanding with others.

1 A: Deafness – Deaf identity
1 B: Deafness – Demographics of Deaf people in South Africa
2 A: South African Sign Language (SASL) – 
Signed language
2 B: 
South African Sign Language (SASL) – SASL and dialects
3 A: Deaf & Health communication –
Functional literacy & health literacy among Deaf people in SA
3 B: Deaf & Health communication – How Deaf patients & health professionals communicate 


1 A: Deafness – Deaf identity
Questions to answer:

  • What are the differences between “Deaf” and “deaf”?
  • What are the appropriate terms to address Deaf people? Please also state their reasons.
  • What are appropriate ways to communicate with Deaf people?

Literature:
Padden, C., & Humphries, T. (2005). Inside Deaf Culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. <Read from google books, some pages are hidden>

Baynton, D. C. (2008). Beyond culture: Deaf studies and the deaf body. In H. D. L. Bauman (Ed.) Open your eyes: Deaf studies talking (pp. 293–313). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. <Read from google books, some pages are hidden>

PEPNet-Northeat. (2004). Deaf culture.  https://www.rit.edu/ntid/radscc/sites/rit.edu.ntid.radscc/files/file_attachments/deaf_culture_tip_sheet.pdf

Cavender, A., Trewin, S., & Hanson, V. (2015). Accessible writing guide. http://www.sigaccess.org/welcome-to-sigaccess/resources/accessible-writing-guide/


1 B: Deafness – Demographics of Deaf people in South Africa
Questions to answer:

  • What are the figures of Deaf people in South Africa that you have found on the internet? Please make a comparison.
  • What is the estimation of employment rate among Deaf people in South Africa?
  • What is the average functional literacy among Deaf people in South Africa?
  • What are other demographics you have found, and you think it should be interesting to the class? Please also give reasons.

Start from here: (Google the rest)
DeafSA. (n.d). Policy Document on Early Identification of Deafness and Ear Care. http://www.ruralrehab.co.za/uploads/3/0/9/0/3090989/early_id_deafness_and_ear_care_deafsa_witbank.pdf

ASLI. (2013). General information. http://wasli.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/254_south-africa-country-report.pdf


2 A: South African Sign Language (SASL) – Signed language
Questions to answer:

  • Are signed languages universal?
  • What are characteristics of signed language?
  • Why is it difficult for Deaf people to learn/understand written language(s)?

Start from here: (Google the rest)
NID. (n.d.). South African Sign Language. https://www.westerncape.gov.za/assets/departments/cultural-affairs-sport/national_institute_for_the_deaf_sa_sign_language_booklet.pdf


2 B: South African Sign Language (SASL) – SASL and dialects
Questions to answer:

  • Why are there variations/dialects in SASL?
  • What is the current status of SASL in South Africa?

Literature:
NID. (n.d.). South African Sign Language. https://www.westerncape.gov.za/assets/departments/cultural-affairs-sport/national_institute_for_the_deaf_sa_sign_language_booklet.pdf

Heap, M. & Morgans, H. (2006). Language policy and SASL interpreters in the public service. In M. Watermeyer, L. Swartz, T. Lorenzo, M. Schneider, & M. Priestley (Eds.), Disability and social change: A South African agenda, (pp. 134–47). Pretoria: HSRC Press.

Sled. (2015). The status of South African Sign Language (SASL) in South Africa. http://www.sled.org.za/why_sign/status-south-african-sign-language-sasl-south-africa

Aarons, De., & Akach, P. (1998). “South African Sign Language-one language or many? A sociolinguistic question.” Stellenbosch papers in Linguistics, 31, 1-28. doi: 10.5774/31-0-55


3 A: Deaf & Health communication –Functional literacy and health literacy among Deaf people in SA
Questions to answer:

  • How are South African Deaf people’s functional literacy and health literacy?
  • Why do low functional literacy and health literacy affect Deaf people’s health and well-being?
  • How is South African Deaf people’s access to healthcare and information?

Literature:
Swift, O. B. (2012). The roles of signed language interpreters in post-secondary education settings in South Africa. Master of Arts, University of South Africa. URL: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/6302

Kanj, M., & Mitic, W. (2009). Promoting health and development: Closing the implementation gap.  http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/7gchp/Track1_Inner.pdf

Ismail, A., & Henderson, N. (2014). Experiences of social exclusion among young deaf adults influencing their beliefs and perceptions of HIV/AIDS. Soc Work, 50(3) http://dx.doi.org/10.15270/50-2-409

Kuenburg, A., Fellinger, P., Fellinger, J. (2016). Health care access among Deaf people. Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 21(1).  doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/env042


3 B: Deaf & Health communication – How Deaf patients & health professionals communicate
Questions to answer:

  • What do health professionals usually do while communicating with Deaf patients? Is there anything which can cause a breakdown in communication?
  • How do Deaf patients try to cope with the communication breakdown? Is anything that surprised you?

Literature:
Berry, J.A., & Stewart, A. J. (2006). Communicating with the Deaf During the Health Examination Visit. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners. 2(8).

Kritzinger, J., Schneider, M., Swartz, L., & Braathen, S.H. (2014). “I just answer ‘yes’ to everything they say”: access to health care for deaf people in Worcester, South Africa and the politics of exclusion. Patient Education and Counseling, 94(3), 379-383. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.12.006

Chininthorn, P., Glaser, M., Tucker, W. D., & Diehl, J. C. (2016). Exploration of Deaf People’s Health Information Sources and Techniques for Information Delivery in Cape Town: A Qualitative Study for the Design and Development of a Mobile Health App. Journal of Medical Internet Research Human Factors, 3(2):e28 doi:10.2196/humanfactors.6653